Thursday, April 5, 2012

Carpentry - Carpenter Attention

Carpentry, carpenter safety
Carpentry, carpenter safety
Think safety first by using the appropriate clothing and ALWAYS using safety equipment such as eye and ear protection and gloves as appropriate. Always work under the direct supervision of a responsible adult who is knowledgeable about the tools and materials you plan to use. For more information about safety with tools, see the Home Repairs and Woodwork merit badge pamphlets.


 To obtain a Merit Badge for Carpentry, a Scout must:

1. Demonstrate the use of the rule, square, level, plumb-line, mitre, chalk-line and bevel.

These tools are very important for planning your project.
A wrong angle or crooked line could keep the project from being assembled properly. Perhaps you have heard your grandfather say, “Always measure twice and cut once.” Since it took considerable physical effort to saw a board, can you understand the importance of good preparation?

2. Demonstrate the proper way to drive, set, and clinch a nail, draw a spike with a claw-hammer, and to join two pieces of wood with screws.

3. Show correct use of the cross-cut saw and of the rip-saw.

Clinching is when you drive a nail through two pieces of wood and then bend the nail over from the other side for extra strength. Bending the nail over before it goes through doesn’t count, but that is why the claw hammer was invented. Today, after the invention of the power screw driver, most wood is joined by screws that are better at holding wood, but a hundred years ago each screw needed to be set by hand.
One of the hardest things to do a hundred years ago was to cut a board, because it took considerable effort.

4. Show how to plane the edge, end and the broad surface of a board.

5. Demonstrate how to lay shingles.

Today, we buy finished lumber, or boards that have been measured and planed. Early in the 20th century, you would have needed to finish the surface and square the edges of the wood before using it.
Construction methods were fairly simple a hundred years ago. A very common roofing material was wood shingles. Here are the instructions from the 1928 Carpentry
merit badge pamphlet. Even back then, it was preferred to
have someone teach you a skill rather than try to learn from a book.

6. Make a simple article of furniture

for practical use in the home or on the home grounds, finished in a workmanlike manner, all work to be done without assistance.

Prior to 25 years ago, it was standard that young men made a school project out of wood. Usually it was a simple stool or small table. These items would often last for years and be passed down from generation to generation. Here are some examples of projects right out of the 1928 merit badge pamphlet.

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